The Reaction after 1820 Was Not Effective in the Cities

Free Blacks and Slaves Found A Way Towards Literacy

5/5/20231 min read

"After 1830 the campaign against Negro literacy quickened, but [there was not] any measure of success. Every piece of evidence indicates that an elementary knowledge of reading and writing continued to spread in the cities. Literacy, though known among country blacks, was rare. In the city, however, in a hundred places and in numberless ways, the precious knowledge seeped into the colored population, carrying with it the mysteries of religion, opening up the world of newspapers and even books, affording a glimpse into things outside their immediate experience, and providing a lifeline to the world beyond slavery." Richard C. Wade